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    Make A Comparative Study Of The Harappan And Mesopotamian Civilization

    The Harappan civilization is one of the oldest in the world, dating back some 3,500 years. It was a thriving urban center that had impressive architecture and a complex social structure. Meanwhile, the Mesopotamian civilization emerged around 3500 BC and was equally as complex. It was a time of great innovation and growth, with cities developing and people becoming more technologically advanced. Which civilization was better? That’s the question we’re going to explore in this blog post. By comparing the two civilizations, we can learn a lot about how people and society have evolved over time.

    Harappan Civilization

    The Harappan Civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that was located in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. The Harappan Civilization is considered to be one of the earliest civilizations in India and it flourished from circa 3300 – 1300 BCE. The Harappan Civilization is known for its well-developed urban centers, including Dholavira, Mohenjo-Daro, and Kalibangan. The Harappan Civilization was also known for its use of copper and bronze coins, which have been found all over the region.

    The Mesopotamian Civilization was one of the most advanced civilizations that existed during the Bronze Age period. The Mesopotamian Civilization flourished from circa 3000 – 1800 BCE. The Mesopotamian Civilization is best known for its impressive ruins, such as Babylon, Ur, and Nineveh. The Mesopotamian Civilization was also responsible for developing writing system, which allowed for the recording of information and history.

    Mesopotamian Civilization

    The Harappan and Mesopotamian civilizations are two of the oldest known civilizations. They both developed around 3500 BC, and were very similar in many ways. The Harappan civilization was located in what is now Pakistan, while the Mesopotamian civilization was located in what is now Iraq.

    Both civilizations were very advanced for their time. They had cities with large buildings, roads, and drainage systems. They also had sophisticated religions and trading networks. The Harappan civilization even had its own writing system, which was almost identical to the scripts used in ancient Mesopotamia.

    Despite their similarities, the two civilizations also had some major differences. For example, the Harappan civilization was much smaller than the Mesopotamian civilization. Additionally, the Harappan economy was based mostly on agriculture, while the Mesopotamian economy was based more on trade and industry.

    Overall, the Harappan and Mesopotamian civilizations were very similar and illustrate just how far ancient societies had progressed by 3500 BC.

    Comparison of Harappan And Mesopotamian Civilizations

    The Harappan and Mesopotamian civilizations are two of the oldest known civilizations in the world. They both arose around 3000 BC, and had a number of similarities and differences.

    Both civilizations were urbanized, with sophisticated irrigation systems and extensive agriculture. They also had advanced writing systems, which allowed for communication and commerce across large distances.

    One of the main differences between the Harappan and Mesopotamian civilizations was their religion. The Harappans believed in a pantheon of gods, while the Mesopotamians believed in one god who created everything.

    The Harappan civilization ultimately came to an end around 1500 BC, while the Mesopotamian civilization continued to grow and develop for centuries more. It is difficult to say which civilization was superior; they both had their own strengths and weaknesses. However, overall they were very different cultures that left a significant mark on history.


    In this comparative study, we have looked at the Harappan and Mesopotamian civilizations and seen how they differed. We have also seen how these civilizations interacted with each other, which has helped us to understand their similarities as well. Overall, this article has been a valuable resource for understanding the different aspects of these two impressive civilizations. Thank you for reading!

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